In a notable show of unity, Arab-American and Muslim leaders warmly embraced George W. Bush's bid for the presidency in 2000.
Four years later, many of them are again united in their views of Bush, but they are using words such as "disappointed" and "betrayed" to describe their feelings.
In the aftermath of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the Iraq war and intensified violence in Israel and Palestinian territories, many Arab-Americans say Bush has ignored their views and abandoned their interests.
That frustration could be expressed at the polls Nov. 2, throwing another volatile element into the election in Michigan and several other battleground states with large Arab-American populations.
"People are very frustrated with the Bush administration," said Imad Hamad, director of the Michigan office of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee. It has headquarters in the Detroit suburb of Dearborn, a leading cultural and political center of the Middle Eastern ethnic population in the United States...