Ramadan is the month on the Islamic lunar calendar during which Muslims abstain from food, drink and other sensual pleasures from break of dawn to sunset. The fast is performed to learn discipline, self-restraint and generosity, while obeying God’s commandments. Fasting (along with the declaration of faith, daily prayers, charity, and pilgrimage to Mecca) is
one of the “five pillars” of Islam.
The Quran, Islam’s revealed text, states: “O believers! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you so that you may learn self-restraint….Ramadan is the month in which the Quran was
revealed as a guide to mankind.Therefore, anyone of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting.” (2:183-185)
Islam’s Prophet Muhammad said: “Whoever fasts in the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping for a reward from God, all his previous sins will be forgiven.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 3, Hadith 125)
To learn more about Islam and the Muslim community, please contact CAIR at 202-488-8787 or visit a local mosque.