Tim Padgett, WLRN
Most Latinos know the country is celebrating Hispanic Heritage Month right now. What far fewer Latinos know is that next week marks Eid al-Adha, one of Islam's most sacred holidays.
And yet the two observances are more related now than most Latinos realize.
Just as the U.S. Latino population is on the rise -- Hispanics are now the nation's largest minority -- so is the number of Latino Muslims. And it's not just a result of Arab Latin Americans emigrating to the United States.
According to organizations like WhyIslam.org, Latinos are one of the fastest growing segments of the Muslim community. About six percent of U.S. Muslims are now Latino -- and as many as a fifth of new converts to Islam nationwide are Latino.
The American Muslim Association of North America, based in North Miami, says heavily Hispanic South Florida in particular is home to a rising number of Latino Muslims.
Not that conversion to Islam is easy in Latino society, as Marina Gonzalez knows. A Nicaraguan-American nurse in Miami, Gonzalez converted five years ago and wears the hijab, the Muslim women's head garb. At first her family stopped talking to her.
"They calling me Talibana," Gonzalez recalls. "My mother, she didn't like to go with me because I wear the hijab."
But now her mother "understands. When I go to my parents' house they turn off the TV when I have to pray. I'm so happy."
Najib Sowma's first name was Dario before he converted six years ago. Today he's a leading member of the Al-Ihsaan mosque in South Miami-Dade. But his Cuban mother was initially shocked.
"Now her views have changed," says Sowma. "Prior to me being Muslim to who I am now, she sees a big difference in my character."
Spain's Islamic Past
If it's a surprise that many Latinos are moving from a predominantly Roman Catholic culture to an originally Arab faith, perhaps it shouldn't be. For one thing, like African-Americans in the 1960s, Latinos are discovering their own historical and cultural ties to Islam and the Arab world. And that starts with what most defines Latinos: Spanish.
"Our language is nurtured by more than 4,000 words that come from Arabic," says Wilfredo Ruiz, a Puerto Rican-born Muslim who converted a decade ago and is a lawyer for the South Florida chapter of the Council of American-Islamic Relations. "Every word in Spanish that starts with 'al,' for example, like alcalde, alcantarilla, almohada."
That's because Arab Muslims ruled Spain for some 800 years during the Middle Ages -- and made the Iberian Peninsula one of the most advanced civilizations of its time. A millennium later, Ruiz says that past is an inescapable part of the Hispanic DNA.
"What most Latinos who have embraced Islam find most amazing is their cultural affinity to the Muslim culture," says Ruiz. "It's like rediscovering your past. That area of our past has been hidden from us."
Ruiz points out that both Latinos and Arabs highly value the extended family and traditions like offering hospitality to strangers. In religious terms, Latinos like Gonzalez say Islam provides a simpler, more direct form of worship than Catholicism does. They also feel more structure than they see in the evangelical churches so many Latinos join today.
"The connection I have with God now is better than before," says Gonzalez. (Read more)